Category Archives: Placing The Hands On Chest In Salah

Proof of Placing The hands on Chest In Salah (English)


chest

Taken From The Works of-:

  • Shaikh ul Allaamah Al-Haafidh Abu Taahir Zubayr Alee Za’ee (May Allah Preserve him)
  • Shaikh ul Allaamah Al-Haafidh Thanaullaah Zayaa (May Allah Prserve Him)
  • Shaikh ul Allaamah Al-Haafidh Badee ‘ud-Deen Shaah Raashidi as-Sindhee (May Allah have Mercy upon him)
  • Translated and Compiled by: Raza Hassan

Before we continue, It is important to know the meaning of Chest i.e ‘Sadr’ in arabic.  In the arabic dictionary of deoband, Qamoos Al Waheed pg 915, the word ‘Sadr’ means “the chest of a Human (From beneath the throat upto the tummy)”.

We begin with the name of Allaah who is the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. To proceed: 

Sahl ibn Sa’d, may Allaah be pleased with him, reported, “The people were ordered to place their right hand upon their left forearm.” (Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, 1/102)

We can understand from this hadeeth that one should fold ones hands whilst in Salaah. One of the way this hadeeth can be understood is that if the right hand were to be placed upon the left forearm as stated above then naturally, the hands would rest on the chest. 

The forearm here means from the finger region of the hand right up to the elbow. In another hadeeth it is reported that, “He (sallelaho alaihi wa alaihi wasalam ) placed his right hand upon his left hand, wrist and forearm.” (Sunan Nasaa’i with the footnotes of Allaamah Sindhee(1/141), AbuDawood(1/112), lbnKhuzairnah(1/243,480) and Ibn Hibbaan (p.485) have all authenticated this narration).  Continue reading

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The Narration of Tawoos – Proof of Placing The Hands On Chest


Tawoos narrated: ‘The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) used to place his right hand upon his left hand and plant them firmly upon his chest while in prayer. [Abu Dawood ma’ al-Minhal a-azab al-mawrood: Vol 5 Pg 166]

Introduction to its Isnaad (Chain)

Imam Abu Dawood narrates this hadeeth from his teacher Abu Tawbah. Imam Abu Dawood has first narrated his narration in Kitaab at-Taharah, where he mentions his full name as: “Abu Tawbah bin ar-Rabee’ bin Naafi”, and he narrates it from “Haytham bin Al-Humayd”, From “Thawr”, From “Sulemaan bin Moosa”, From Tawoos [rahimahullah]….Abu Tawbah Rabee’ bin Naafi’:

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The Narration of Hulb Ta’ee – Proof of Placing The Hands On Chest


Qabiysa ibn Hulb the Taab’iee narrates from his father Hulb, may Allaah be pleased with him, that, “I saw the Prophet and he was turning to his right and left in the prayer and I saw that, in the prayer, he would place his right hand upon his left on his chest.” (Musnad Imaam Ahmad, 5/226) 

Authenticity of the Hadeeth 

The chain of narration of this hadeeth is saheeh as was stated by Imaam ibn Sayyid An-Naas in Sharh Tirmidhee and Haafidh Ibn Hajr in Fathul-Baari. Aliaamah Nimawee Hanafee in Aathaarus-Sunan, (1/67) has also admitted that the chain of narration is, “Saheeh.”

Further, Allaamah Muhaddith Abdur-Rahmaan Mubaarakpooree in Tuhfatul-Ahwadee the explantion of Tirmidhee writes, “All the narrators in this chain of narration are reliable/respected and this chain is complete.” 

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Some Weak Narrations Regarding Placing The Hands Below The Navel In Salah


The Narration of Anas bin Maalik (radiallah anhu):

It is narrated from Anas (radiallah anhu) that: “Three things are from the Akhlaaq of Prophethood (1) Hastening to do Iftaar, (2) Delaying the Suhoor, and (3) Placing the right hand over the left under the navel in the Prayer.” [Muhalla Ibn Hazam: Vol 3 Pg 30]

Reply:
In the chain of this narration, a Narator named Sa’eed bin Zarbi Al-Basri Al-Abadaani is severely weak. For more details see: Al-Khalafiyaat by Al-Bayhaqi (Pg 37) Mukhtasir Al-Khilafiyaat (1/342)

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said about him that: “He is Munkir ul-Hadeeth.” [Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb: 2304]

The Narration of Alee (radiallah anhu):

Al-Athram mentioned: Abul Waleed at-Tiyaalsi narrated to us, Hammad bin Salamah narrated to us, From Aasim al-Jahdari, From Uqbah bin Suhbaan, He heard Alee (radiallah anhu) explaining the meaning of the saying of Allah (swt) “Fasilli Rabbika Wanhar” that it means to place the right hand over the left under the navel. [At-Tamheed]

Reply:

This narration is Da’eef due to three reasons:

  1. There is the link of Al-Aaj al-Jahdari between Aasim al-Jahdari and Uqbah bin Suhbaan [Al-Taareekh al-Kabeer: 6/437]

Al-Aaj is Majhool ul-Haal

2. In the other chains of the same narration, the words of “Ala Sadrihi (Upon the Chest)” are also mentioned. [Al-Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 2/30]

3. Ibn al-Turkamaani al-Hanafi has said that: “Its chain and Matan both have Idtiraab.” [Al-Johar al-Naqi: 2/30]

The Athaar of Ibraaheem an-Nakha’ee:

1: It is narrated from Ibraaheem an-Nakha’ee that the right hand should be placed over the left hand under the navel. [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah: Vol 1 Pg 391]

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