Category Archives: Fatiha Khalful Imam

The Evidences and Athaar For Reciting Surah Faatihah Behind the Imaam


 

fatiha

From the Marfoo’ Ahadeeth:

 

1.It is narrated from Ubaadah b. As-Saamit [radiallah anhu] that The Messenger of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((There is no prayer for the one who does not recite Surah Faatihah.)) [Juzz al-Qira’at: H. 2, Saheeh Bukhari: 756, Saheeh Muslim: 34, 394/36]

2.It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah [radiallah anhu] that the Apostle of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((Whoever performs a prayer and does not recite Surah Faatihah (in it), thus his prayer is invalid. He [peace be upon him] said this three times.)) [Juzz Al-Qira’at: 11, Saheeh Muslim: 395]

3.It is narrated from Aishaa [radiallah anha] that the Apostle of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((Every prayer in which Surah Faatihah is not recited is Invalid.)) [Sunan Ibn Maja: 840, Ahmed: 275/6 H. 26888]

4.It is narrated from Abdullah b. Amr b. Al-Aas [radiallah anhu] that the Apostle of Allah peace be upon him] said: ((Every prayer, in which Surah Faatihah is not recited, is Invalid.)) [Juzz al-Qira’at: 14, Ibn Maja: 841]

5.It is narrated from Abdullah b. Umar [radiallah anhu] that the Apostle of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((There is no prayer for the one who does not recite Surah Faatihah.)) [Kitaab al-Qira’at by al-Baihaqi: Pg 50 H. 100, Chain Saheeh]

6.It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah [radiallah anhu] that the Messenger of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((There is no prayer without the recitation.)) [Saheeh Muslim: 396, Juzz Al-Qira’at: 153]

7. It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah [radiallah anhu] that the Messenger of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((Recitation is done in every Prayer.)) [Juzz al-Qira’at: 13, Saheeh Bukhari: 772, Saheeh Muslim: 396]

8.It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah [radiallah anhu] that the Messenger of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((You all should recite.)) [Juzz al-Qira’at: 73, Abu Dawood: 821, Chain Saheeh]

9.It is narrated from a Badri Companion (one who participated in the war of Badr) [radiallah anhu] that the Messenger of Allah [peace be upon him] said: ((Say the Takbeer, then recite, then bow.)) [Juzz al-Qira’at: 103, and it is Saheeh] 

Khaas Dalaail (Specific Evidences):

 

1. The narration of Anas (radiallah anhu):

Translation:
Mahmood (b. Ishaaq) narrated to us, (he) said: Al-Bukhari narrated to us, (he) said: Yahya b. Yusuf (Al-Zami) narrated to us, Ubaidullah (b. Amr al-Raqi) informed us, From Ayyub (b. Abi Tameemah As-Sakhtiyani), From Abu Qilabah (Abdullah b. Zayd Al-Jarmi), From Anas [radiallah anhu] that:
Verily the Prophet [peace be upon him] led his companions in prayer, thus when he finished his prayer, he said while facing towards them: “Do you recite in your prayer when the Imam is reciting?” thus they remained silent, so he [peace be upon him] asked this three times. Thus one or many people said: “Certainly we do so.” He [peace be upon him] said: “thus do not do so, and everyone of you should recite Surah Faatihah to your self (silently).”

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Reciting Fatiha behind Imam and relevant Quranic Ayah


Al Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr As Siddiq one of the Fuqaha of Madina and a Tabae also grandson of Abu Bakr ra was asked about reciting Fatiha Behind the Imam in loud prayers ? He said
«إِنْ قَرَأْتَ فَلَكَ فِي رِجَالٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ، وَإِذَا لَمْ تَقْرَأْ فَلَكَ فِي رِجَالٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ»
If you recite it then there is a example for you amongst the Companions of Prophet SAW, and if you don’t recite it then (still) there is an example for you amongst the Companions of Prophet SAW. [Jame Biyan Al Ilm Wa Fazlhu 1690 with an sound chain of transmission]
 
This is a Fiqhi Issue, following are the evidences of those who consider it obligatory.
 
Quran states: When the Qur’an is being recited then “LISTEN ATTENTIVELY AND REMAIN SILENT” so that mercy will be showered upon you”.(7:204)

This Ayat is against Ahnaf itself because they allow “Subhanaka Allahuma Wabihamdika” when Muqtadi joins the prayer later on ( Fatawa e Alamgiri Vol 1 Page 91 )

This ayat was revealed in Makka because it is the Ayah of Surah Al Araaf which is with consensus Makki, even after this Ayah Companions of the Prophet (s) used to talk during the Salah. Until the Ayah of Surah Baqrah 238 was revealed which was revealed after the Hijrat in Madina.

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Jis kisika bhi ek Imaam ho us Imaam ki khiraat uski qiraat hogi ki Hadees ki Tehqeeqi Jaiza (Roman Urdu)


darekutni

Imam Daaraqutni [ Rahimahullah ] apne SUNAN me Rivayat lete hai :

Sanad :

“Ali bin Abdullah bin Mubashshir ——» Muhammad bin Harb al-Waasiti ——» Ishaaq al-Azraq ——» ABU HANEEFA  ——» Moosa bin Abi Aa’ishah ——» Abdullah bin Shaddaad,——» Jaabir (radiallah anhu) se Rivayat hai ke…

“ Nabi e Kareem Sallallahu Alai Wasallam ne farmaya ke..

“Jiskisika bhi ek Imaam ho us Imaam ki khiraat uski qiraat hogi “..

Yeh rivayat Moosa bin Abi Aa’ishah se Judi hui nahi hai, sirf Abu hanifa se hi hai aur al-Hasan bin Umaarah se, yeh dono Da’eef hai. “

[SUNAN AD DAREQUTNI  (2/107 H. 1233) PUB. AR – RISALAH, BEIRUT]

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