Virtues of Muawiyah RA & Response to Objections by Shias.


Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)

Proof 1: Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
قال أبو مسهر عن سعيد بن عبد العزيز عن ربيعة بن يزيد عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي عميرة – وكان من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم – عن النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال : ( اللهم علم معاوية الحساب وقِهِ العذاب ) .

Prophet Peace be upon him said ” O Allah ! Teach Muawya the Book and Math, and protect him from the Punishment ” [Ibne Asakir 16/684,686,Dahabee in Seyar al Ailam al Nubala 8/38, Musnad Shameen 190]

a) Shaykh Al-AlBani Said: “The Chain is Good.according to me Rout is Strong, Narrators are trustworthy and are those of Sahih Muslim except Ibne Abi Omair who is Companion(of Prophet peace be upon him) Some other routs say “”Allah, make him (Muawiya) guided, a guider, and guide people through him”. (Silsilah As Saheeha Vol 7 page no: 690 hadith no: 3227)

Authentic rout in Fadail e Sahaba of Imam Ahmad no: 1748
عن معاوية عن يونس بن سيف عن الحارث بن زياد عن أبي رهم عن العرباض بن سارية – رضي الله عنه – قال سمعت رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – وهو يدعونا إلى السحور في شهر رمضان : ( هلموا إلى الغذاء المبارك ) ، ثم سمعته يقول : ( اللهم علم معاوية الكتاب والحساب وقه العذاب ) .
Al-Aarbad bin Sariyah as-Sulamee ra reported that he heard the Prophet Peace be upon him saying as a du’aa : “O Allah ! Teach Muawya the Book and Math, and protect him from the Punishment “. [Muhaqqiq of Fadail e Sahaba said Chain is Hasan Lighairihi, Hafiz ad-Dahabee said This hadeeth is Powerful shahid (of previous hadeeth) (see Syar Ailam al Nubala 3/124) Ibn e Khuzaima narrated in his Sahih (Authentic) 3/214,Muhaqqiq of Sahih Ibne Khuzaimah Muhammad Mustafa Al Azami said “Chain is weak Al Harith is Unknown but hadith is authentic due to other routs from Arbad bin Sariyah etc”,Ibn e Hibban narrated in Al Ihsan Kitab Manaqib as Sahaba Chapter Moawiya bin Abi Sufiyan May Allah be please with him Vol 16 page 191, Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai said Chain is Hasan in Majallah al hadith no: 29 page 62), Shaykh Al-AlBani said Chain is Hasan with its routs (As-Saheeha Vol 7 Page 688)]

Mursal Shahid of this hadith 
حدثنا أبو المغيرة ، ثنا صفوان قال : حدثني شريح بن عبيد أن رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – دعا لمعاوية بن أبي سفيان : ( اللهم علمه الكتاب والحساب وقه العذاب ) .

Shareeh bin Obaid said ( O Allah ! Teach Muawya the Book and Math, and protect him from the Punishment ) .[Fadail e Sahaba of Imam Ahmad hadeeth no: 1749 Muhaqqiq of The book said chain is weak because of Irsaal and Narrators are trustworthy, This is making previous hadith more powerful and strength makes it Hasan Laghirihi]

Proof 2: Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُسْهِرٍ عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَمِيرَةَ، وَكَانَ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِمُعَاوِيَةَ ‏”‏ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ هَادِيًا مَهْدِيًّا وَاهْدِ بِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏

Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said to Muawiyah (r.a): “Allah, make him (Muawiya ) guided, a guider, and guide people through him”.[Imam Bukhari in Tareekh Al Kabeer 5/240, Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Shaykh Al-Albani Authenticated in (Sahih Tirmidhee 3/236)]

Shaykh Muhammad Ameen Shinqiti said Ra
أخرج الإمام البخاري بسند صحيح في التاريخ الكبير (5|240): عن أبي مسهر حدثنا سعيد بن عبد العزيز عن ربيعة بن يزيد عن (الصحابي عبد الرحمن) بن أبي عميرة قال: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لمعاوية: «اللهم اجعلهُ هادِياً مَهديّاً واهده واهدِ به».

“It was transmitted by imam Bukhari in his “Tareeh al-kabir” (5/240) via authentic chain: From Abu Musakhar, it was reported to me by Sayed ibn Abdulaziz from Rabi`ee ibn Yazid from (companion Abdurrahman) ibn Abu Umeyrat, which said: Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said about Muawiyah: “Allah, make him (Muawiya :ra: ) guided, a guider, and guide people through him”.[Ahadeth an-nabawiya fi fadhail Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan]

Authentic Shahid in Musnad Ahmad

17926 – حدثنا عبد الله حدثني أبي ثنا علي بن بحر ثنا الوليد بن مسلم ثنا سعيد بن عبد العزيز عن ربيعة بن يزيد عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي عميرة الأزدي عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : انه ذكر معاوية وقال اللهم اجعله هاديا مهديا واهد به

Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said to Muawiyah (r.a): “Allah, make him (Muawiya ) guided, a guider, and guide people through him”.[Ahmad in “Musnad” hadeeth no:17926, Sheikh Shuayb Arnanoot said under this hadeeth: Narrators are Trustworthy and are those of Saheeh, Ibn Asakir authenticated in Tareekh Damishq” (59/106), Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai Authenticated in Majallah Al Hadith no: 29 page 60]
Proof 3Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
He was a Faqih and his prayer was like Prphet peace be upon him

a) Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika: Somebody said to Ibn ‘Abbas, “Can you speak to the chief of the believers Muwaiya, as he does not pray except one Rak’a as Witr?” Ibn ‘Abbas replied, “He is a faqih (i.e. a learned man who can give religious verdicts) .[Bukhari Book #57, Hadith #109]

b) Abu Darda ra said:
مَا رَأَيْتُ أَحَدًا بَعْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، أَشْبَهَ صَلاةً بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، مِنْ أَمِيرِكُمْ هَذَا ، يَعْنِي مُعَاوِيَةَ
I have not seen anyone who prayed like Prophet peace be upon him after Prophet peace be upon him other than Muawiyah [الفوائد المنتقاة العوالي الحسان للسمرقندي hadith no: 67]

Proof 4Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)

Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنهما) reported that the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) told him : ” Go bring Muawya to Me “, because he wrote down Allah’s Revelation (Wahy) for the Prophet [Recorded by Imam Ahmad 2651 , Dalail Al Nabuwwah of Behaqi vol 6 page 243 and verified to be authentic by Albani in Silsilat as-Saheehah 1-164 and Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai Authenticated and said Chain is Hasan in Majallah Al Hadith no: 29 page 5]
Ibn Taymiyyah (رحمه الله) said in Majmuaa’ al-Fatawah 4-288 :

” It is confirmed by many that Muawya was a faithful companion of the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) who wrote down Allah’s Revelation, and the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) did not accuse him in his writing of the Revelation . Also, the khalifah Omar Bin al-Khattab (رضي الله عنه) – who was the most experienced in knowing men – appointed Muawya as a ruler on the state of Sham (it includes Lebanon, Syria, Palestine and Jordan) until Omar’s death . The khalifah Othman (رضي الله عنه) also kept Muawya in his position during his state, and neither of them accused Muawya in his rule “[ Translated by Abu Muawya Byruty in Multaqa Forum]

Ibn e Asakir said regarding him

خال المومنين وكاتب وحى رب العالمين

Uncle of Momineen and he Wrote down the revelation of Rabb Al Alameen [Tareekh Damishq 62/38]
Proof 5Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
Narrated by Umm Alqamah that Muawiyah bin Abi Sufiyan Came to Madeenah and asked for Blanket and hair of Prophet Peace be upon him from Aisha RA then He (Muawiyah) covered himself with the blanket, dipped the hair in water, drank and put on his body. [Tareekh Damishq 62/106 and chain is Hasan as Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai said in Majallah Al Hadith no: 29 page 60]

Note: this athar is proof that how much Muawiyah RA loved Prophet peace be upon him and is also proof for Seeking Blessings through the Holy Relics of Prophet Peace be upon him if they are really from Prophet.
Proof 6Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
Ibn e Abbas ra Said

ما رأيت رجلا كان أخلق يعنى للملك من معاوية

I have not seen more applicable for Ruling (after khilafat of 4 Caliph) better than Muawiyah[Tareekh Damishq 62/161 with authentic chain as Shaykh Zubair Ali Zai said in Majallah Al Hadeeth no: 29 page 62,Musannif Abdul Razzaq vol 11 page 453 no: 20985]
Proof 7Virtues of Muawiyah (ra) Mu’aawiyah the maternal uncle of the believers
It was narrated from Abu Taalib that he asked Abu ‘Abd-Allaah – Ahmad ibn Hanbal – about saying “Mu’aawiyah the maternal uncle of the believers” or “Ibn ‘Umar the maternal uncle of the believers”. He said: Yes, Mu’aawiyah was the brother of Umm Habeebah bint Abi Sufyaan, the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him and may Allaah have mercy on her), and Ibn ‘Umar was the brother of Hafsah the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him and may Allaah have mercy on her). I said: Can I say Mu’aawiyah the maternal uncle of the believers? He said: Yes.[Al-Sunnah by al-Khallaal (2/433), Dar al-Raayah edition.]

It was narrated from Haroon ibn ‘Abd-Allaah that he said to Abu ‘Abd-Allaah –Ahmad ibn Hanbal – : A letter came to me from al-Raqqah saying that some people say: We do not say that Mu’aawiyah was the maternal uncle of the believers. He got angry and said: Why are they objecting to this matter? They should be shunned until they repent.[Al-Sunnah by al-Khallaal (2/434)]

It was narrated from Muhammad ibn Abi Haroon and Muhammad ibn Abi Ja’far that Abu’l-Haarith told them: We sent a note to Abu ‘Abd-Allaah – Ahmad ibn Hanbal – saying: What do you say, may Allaah have mercy on you, about that who say: I will not say that Mu’aawiyah was the scribe of the revelation and I will not say that he was the maternal uncle of the believers, because he took the caliphate by the sword and by force? Abu ‘Abd-Allaah said: These are bad words and these people should be avoided and shunned, and we should warn the people about them.[Al-Sunnah by al-Khallaal (2/434)]

It was narrated that Abu Bakr al-Marwadhi said: I said to Abu ‘Abd-Allaah – Ahmad ibn Hanbal – Who is better, Mu’aawiyah or ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azeez? He said: Mu’aawiyah is better; we do not compare the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to anyone. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of mankind are my generation among whom I was sent.”[Al-Sunnah by al-Khallaal (2/434).]

See: http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/84304/
Proof 8Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
Aisha ra said
ما زال بي ما رأيت من امر الناس فى الفتنة حتى اني لأتمنى ان يزيد الله عزوجل معاوية من عمري في عمره

When i saw the matters of people at the time of fitna, I wished that May Allah increase the age of Muawiya with my age. [alTabqaat Ibn Arooba alHarraani page 41, taken from the article written by Hafiz Abu Yahya Noorpoori which was printed by Risalah asSunnah]
Proof 9Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
Saad bin Abi Waqas ra said:
I Have not seen anyone who ruled according to the truth better than Muawiya ra after Uthman ra [Tareekh Damishq Ibn Asaakir 59/161 authenticated by Hafiz Abu Yahya Noorpoori]
Proof 10Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
Abu Darda ra said
After the blessed death of Prophet peace be upon him I have not seen anyone better than Muawiya who used to pray like him [AlFawaid alMuntaqaat Samarqandi page 67 authenticated by Hafiz Abu Yahya Noorpoori]
Proof 11Virtues of Muawiyah (ra)
Allah says
(And whoever is killed wrongfully, We have given his heir the authority.) Surah alIsraa verse 33

Ibn Katheer commented
 The great scholar and Imam Ibn `Abbas understood from the general meaning of this Ayah that Mu`awiyah should take power, because he was the heir of `Uthman, who had been killed wrongfully, may Allah be pleased with him, and Mu`awiyah did event- ually take power, as Ibn `Abbas said on the basis of this Ayah. This is one of the stranger of matters.(end quote)
The saying of Ibn Abbas ra is mentioned in Mojam al Kabeer Tabraani 10/320]
Proof 12Virtues of Muawiyah (ra) Muawiya ra used to take advise from Aisha ra and she used to quote ahadith of Prophet peace be upon him
“Mu’awiyah wrote a letter to ‘Aishah, that: ‘Write a letter to advise me , and do not overburden me.'” He said: “So ‘Aishah [may Allah be pleased with her]wrote to Mu’awiyah: ‘Peace be upon you. As for what follows: Indeed I heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) saying: Whoever seeks Allah’s pleasure by the people’s wrath, Allah will suffice him from the people. And who ever seeks the people’s pleasure by Allah’s wrath, Allah will entrust him to the people. And Peace be upon you.'”[Sunan Tirmidhee no: 2414]
This is also a proof of Love of Muawiya ra and Aisha ra for Prophetic ahadith

Response to some objections against Muawiyah (ra)

1) Shias quote the hadeeth of Bukhari 
Sahih Bukhari : Volume 1, Book 8, Number 438:
Narrated ‘Ikrima:Ibn ‘Abbas said to me and to his son ‘Ali “Go to Abu Sa’id and listen to what he narrates.” So we went and found him in a garden looking after it. He picked up his Rida’, wore it and sat down and started narrating till the topic of the construction of the mosque reached. He said, “We were carrying one adobe at a time while ‘Ammar was carrying two. The Prophet saw him and started removing the dust from his body and said, “May Allah be Merciful to ‘Ammar. He will be inviting them (i.e. his murderers) to Paradise and they will invite him to Hell-fire.” ‘Ammar said, “I seek refuge with Allah from affliction.”

Argument of Shias: This Hadith sates they will invite him to hellfire, this mean “they” will be in hell or “they” will be cursing him to hell fire

Response:

a) It is mentioned in Fath ul Bari

“He (i.e. Ammar) was calling the other group to Jannah in the meaning he was calling them to the reason that lead to Jannah. He was calling to obey the ruler while the other group was not. Yet, they are excused as they thought they were calling for Jannah as well and had an Ijtihaad about the matter”.(translated by Shaykh Ayman of Multaqa Forum)

b) Allah says in Surat Al-Hujurat, verse 9, “If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the Command of Allah; but if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair (and just).”

Comment: So Allah never declared kafir then who are shias? transgresses never means kafir people but yes we can say they were on mistake with wrong Ijtehad, Plus we already provided sufficient ahadeeth and sayings of Sahaba who were the best of the best, they knew about this hadeeth more then shias.

c)  Narrated Al-hasan Al-Basri: By Allah, Al-hasan bin Ali led large battalions like mountains against Muawiya. Amr bin Al-As said (to Muawiya), “I surely see battalions which will not turn back before killing their opponents.” Muawiya who was really the best of the two men said to him, “O ‘Amr! If these killed those and those killed these, who would be left with me for the jobs of the public, who would be left with me for their women, who would be left with me for their children?” Then Muawiya sent two Quraishi men from the tribe of ‘Abd-i-Shams called ‘Abdur Rahman bin Sumura and Abdullah bin ‘Amir bin Kuraiz to Al-hasan saying to them, “Go to this man (i.e. Al-hasan) and negotiate peace with him and talk and appeal to him.” So, they went to Al-hasan and talked and appealed to him to accept peace. Al-hasan said, “We, the offspring of ‘Abdul Muttalib, have got wealth and people have indulged in killing and corruption (and money only will appease them).” They said to Al-hasan, “Muawiya offers you so and so, and appeals to you and entreats you to accept peace.” Al-hasan said to them, “But who will be responsible for what you have said?” They said, “We will be responsible for it.” So, what-ever Al-hasan asked they said, “We will be responsible for it for you.” So, Al-hasan concluded a peace treaty with Muawiya. Al-hasan (Al-Basri) said: I heard Abu Bakr saying, “I saw Allah’s Apostle on the pulpit and Al-hasan bin ‘Ali was by his side. The Prophet was looking once at the people and once at Al-hasan bin ‘Ali saying, ‘This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. a noble) and may Allah make peace between two big groups of muslims through him.”  (Bukhari Book #49, Hadith #867)

Comment: This is also a proof that Muawiyah ra and al Hasan ra were great Muslim leaders.

See also:Is the killer of Ammar ibn Yasir going to hell?
http://www.umm-ul-qura.org/info/user_pages/page.asp?art_id=152
2)Shias quote Ishaq bin Rahwiyh

Imam Dhahabi records in his esteemed work ‘Siyar alam al Nubla’ Volume 3 page 132:

الأصم حدثنا أبي سمعت ابن راهويه يقول لا يصح عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في فضل معاوية شيء

Ishaaq Ibn Rahwiyh said: ‘There is not any Sahih hadith from the prophet (pbuh) about the merits of Muawiya’.

Response:
a) This is not proven because Yaqoob bin Yusaf Abu Fazal Neshapuri is unknown 

see also http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vb/showthread.php?t=102864

b) Reply is given by Ibn Asakir he said

وأصح ما رُوي في فضل معاوية حديث أبي حمزة عن ابن عباس أنه كاتِبُ النبيِّ منذ أسلم، أخرجه مسلم في صحيحه. وبعده حديث العرباض: اللهم علمه الكتاب. وبعد حديث ابن أبي عَميرة: اللهم اجعله هاديا مهديا”
“And most authentic that was narrated in merits of Muawiya is the narration of Abu Hamza from ibn Abbas that he was scribe of prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) after he embraced Islam,it was reported by Muslim in his Sahih, and after that narration of al-Irbad: O Allah teach him the book, and after that narration of ibn Abu Umeyrah: O Allah make him guided, a guider”.[Tareekh madinatul dimashq (59/106), Shaykh Nasir ud din al-Albani Quoted in Silsilah as-Saheeha Vol 7 Page 694 hadeeth no: 3227]
3) Haters of Muawiyah ra quote a hadith from sahih Muslim which states

Ibn abbas reported: I was playing with children that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) happened to pass by (us). I hid myself behind the door. He (the Holy Prophet) came and he patted upon my shoulders and said: Go and call Mu’awiya. I returned and said: He is busy in taking food. He again asked me to go and call Mu’swiya to him. I went (and came back) and said that he was busy in taking food, whereupon he said: May Allah not fill his belly! ibn Muthanna, said: I asked Umm Umayya what he meant by the word Hatani. He said: It means” he patted my shoulders”.  (Muslim Book #032, Hadith #6298)
Response:
Following is the extract of response given by Shaykh Abu Yahya Nurpuri from as-Sunnah 49 to 54 page 148 to 155. They claim that see Prophet peace be upon him supplicated against Muawiyah ra, but they failed to see another rout of this hadith which states
رَسُولَ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعَثَ إِلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ يَكْتُبُ لَهُ
Messenger of Allah peace be upon him sent a message to Muawiyah ra to write for him [Musnad at-Tiyalsi hadeeth no: 2869]
This hadith is a proof that Muawiyah ra was a Kaatib al Wahyy but it is strange that haters of Muawiyah ra use this against him. And even from the hadeeth of Sahih Muslim their argument is baseless because Imam Muslim used this hadeeth in virtues of Muawiyah ra because the previous hadith of saheeh Muslim states

Anas b. Malik reported that there was an orphan girl with umm sulaim (who was the mother of anas). Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saw that orphan girl and said: O, it is you; you have grown young. May you not advance in years! That slave-girl returned to umm sulaim weeping. umm sulaim said: O daughter, what is the matter with you? She said: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) has invoked curse upon me that I should not grow in age and thus I would never grow in age, or she said, in my (length) of life. umm sulaim went out wrapping her head-dress hurriedly until she met Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). He said to her: umm sulaim, what is the matter with you? She said: Allah’s Apostle, you invoked curse upon my orphan girl. He said: umm sulaim, what is that? She said: She (the orphan girl) states you have cursed her saying that she might not grow in age or grow in life. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) smiled and then said: umm sulaim, don’t you know that I have made this term with my Lord. And the term with my Lord is that I said to Him: I am a human being and I am pleased just as a human being is pleased and I lose temper just as a human being loses temper,so for any person from amongst my ummah whom I curse and he in no way deserves it, let that, O Lord, be made a source of purification and purity and nearness to (Allah) on the Day of Resurrection.  (Muslim Book #032, Hadith #6297)

Imam Ibn Kathir said
فركب مسلم من الحديث الأول وهذا الحديث فضيلة لمعاوية

Muslim quoted this hadeeth (of May Allah not fill his belly) right after previous hadith (of making the supplication source of purification). So this hadeeth has virtues of Muawiyah [Albidaya wal Nihaya 8/120]
Imam an-Nawawi said:
Apart from Imam Muslim other people of knowledge have also quoted this hadith in virtues of Muawiyah because these words of Prophet peace be upon him were dua for Muawiyah ra in reality [Sharah Saheeh Muslim 16/156]
see another hadith mentioned by Ibn Kathir 
Imam Ahmad recorded that ‘Amr bin Abi Qurrah Al-Kindi said: “Hudhayfah was in Al-Mada’in and he was mentioning things that the Messenger of Allah had said. Hudhayfah came to Salman and Salman said: ‘O Hudhayfah, the Messenger of Allah ﴿would sometimes be angry and would speak accordingly, and would sometimes be pleased and would speak accordingly. I know that the Messenger of Allah ﴾ addressed us and said: (Any man of my Ummah whom I have insulted or cursed when I was angry — for I am a man from among the sons of Adam, and I get angry just as you do. But Allah has sent me as a Mercy to the Worlds, so I will make that my anger﴾ into blessings for him on the Day of Resurrection.”) This was also recorded by Abu Dawud from Ahmad bin Yunus from Za’idah.(end quote from Tafsir Ibn Katheer 21: 107)

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