In the Name of Allaah, the Ever Merciful…
The following hadeeth is being spread on the internet:
“When Aadam had made his mistake, he said: O my Lord! I ask you by the right/status of Muhammad that you forgive me. He (Allaah) said: “And how did you come to know Muhammad?” He said: When you had created me with your Hand and blown into me from your Rooh, I raised my head and saw that it was written on the bases of the throne: Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, Muhammadur-Rasool Allaah. So I knew that you would not place a name along with yours unless that was (the name of) your most beloved creation. He (Allaah) said: “You have spoken truthfully, O Aadam, and had it not been for Muhammad, I would not have created you.”
This hadeeth was collected by al-Haakim in his Mustadrak (2/615), and others, by way of Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam. Al-Haakim mistakenly called the hadeeth: saheeh (authentic)! And this mistake has been the source of rebuttal ever since the book reached the people.
You may know that ath-Thahabee did a checking of al-Mustadrak, and he commented on al-Haakim’s remarks about the narrations. About this narration specifically, and what al-Haakim said that it is saheeh, he said:
“RATHER IT IS FABRICATED (MAWDHOO’), ‘Abdur-Rahmaan is WAAH (grossly erroneous)!”
Even al-Haakim himself had spoken against this narrator, despite his error here. He said about this very narrattor, “He has narrated fabricated narrations by way of his father, and this is not hidden from anyone who knows this trade (Hadeeth) and ponders over it…” (al-Haakim’s Madkhal, 1/154)
Ibn Taymiyyah stated: ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam is dha’eef (weak) by way of scholarly agreement, he erred often.” He then went on to list the scholars who declared him weak and/or abandoned him. (Qaa’idah Jaleelah, p.182, al-Furqaan printing)
And about al-Haakim’s error, Ibn Taymiyyah said: “This is something that the imaams of Hadeeth Sciences have rejected from him, and they have said: Verily al-Haakim declares some narrations to be saheeh, while they are fabricated lies, known to the people of knowledge of Hadeeth…” (Qaa’idah Jaleelah, p.183)
However you will find the people of desires, refuting the entire body of scholars to defend al-Haakim’s mistake here, and this is one of the ways that ahlul-bid’ah are known: They base their positions on weak and fabricated narrations. This is just one clear example.
Here are some points to consider as well, regarding the meaning of the fabricated text, since fabricated narrations have signs within the text that they are indeed not from the speech of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam):
1 – “I ask you BY THE RIGHT/STATUS of Muhammad” The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) taught us the ways to ask Allaah, and he did not teach us to ask in this manner.
2 – “Had it not been for Muhammad, I would not have created you” Rather,Allaah created Aadam, and all of his decendants, to worship Him as He has made clear in Soorah ath-Thaariyaat, what means:
( And I have not created the Jinn nor Mankind but to worship Me. )
This fabricated text would imply that Allaah created Aadam for the sake of Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam), and whatever could be understood from that.
And Allaah knows best.
Written by: Moosaa Richardson